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Paper-IV: Psychology & Sociology

Subject Title:PSYCHOLOGY
Total hours: 60
Lecture:2 hours/ week
Method of assessment: Written
Course description:
Human Psychology involves the study of various behavioral patterns of individuals, theories of development, normal and abnormal aspects of motor, social, emotional and language development, communication and interaction skills appropriate to various age groups. Sociology will introduce student to the basic sociology concepts, principles and social process, social institutions [ in relation to the individual, family and community] and the various social factors affecting the family in rural and urban communities in India will be studied. The study of these subjects will help the student to understand their clients while assessment and while planning appropriate treatment methods.

  • Introduction to Psychology [5 Hours]: Definition, application, schools of psychology, methods of psychology, scope of psychology.
  • Growth and Development [5 Hours]:
    • Life span: Different stages of development (Infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, middle age, old age) , Psychology need.
    • Heredity and environment: role of heredity and environment in physical and psychological development, “Nature v/s Nurture controversy”
  • Sensation, attention and perception [5 Hours]:
    • Sensation: Vision, Hearing, Olfactory, Gustatory and Cutaneous sensation, movement, equilibrium and visceral sense.
    • Attention: Types of attention, Determinants of attention (subjective determinants and objective determinants)
    • Perception: Gestalt principles of organization of perception (principle of figure ground and principles of grouping), factors influencing perception (past experience and context)
    • Illusion and hallucination: different types
  • Motivation [4 Hours]:
    Definition, motivational cycle, types of motives, theories of motivation.
  • Frustration and conflict [3 Hours]:
    • Frustration: sources of frustration.
    • Conflict: types of conflict.
    • Management of frustration and conflict
  • Emotions [4 Hours]:
    • Definition,
    • Psychological and physiological changes during emotion
    • Theories of emotion
    • Stress and management of stress.
  • Intelligence [5 Hours]:
    • Definition , theories of intelligence
    • Distribution of intelligence.
    • Assessment of intelligence– intelligence tests
  • Thinking [4 Hours]:
    • Definition , types- , concept formation , Reasoning : deductive and inductive reasoning
    • Problem solving: rules in problem solving (algorithm and heuristic)
    • Creative thinking: steps in creative thinking, traits of creative people
  • Learning [7 Hours]
    • Factors effecting learning.
    • Theories of learning: trial and error learning, classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, insight learning, social learning theory.
    • The effective ways to learn: Massed/Spaced, Whole/Part, Recitation/Reading, Serial/Free recall, Incidental/Intentional learning, Knowledge of results, association, organization, and mnemonic methods.
  • Personality [7 Hours]
    • Definition, personality development , Approaches to personality: type & trait, behavioristic, psychoanalytic and humanistic approach.
    • Personality assessment: observation, situational test, questionnaire, rating scale, interview, and projective techniques.
    • Defense Mechanisms: denial of reality, rationalization, projection, reaction formation, identification, repression, regression, intellectualization, undoing, introjection, acting out.
  • Social psychology [5 Hours]:
    • Definition , nature and scope of social psychology
    • Leadership: Different types of leaders. Different theoretical approaches to leadership.
    • Attitude: development of attitude. Change of attitude
  • Communication [2 Hours]
    • Types,
    • Effective ways of communication / teaching
  • Pain psychology (briefly) [2 Hours]
    • Define pain, physiology of pain
    • psycho – social factors of pain
    • pain management (Psychological methods)
  • Abnormal psychology : [2 Hours]
    • Definition,
    • Classify psychological disorders (in brief) psycho somatic disorders
    • Psycho therapy and counseling.
Recommended text books:
  • Ramalingam & Bid (2009). Psychology for Physiotherapists. Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi.
  • Morgan et al (2003). Introduction to Psychology. New Delhi: Tata McGraw hill.
  • Feldman. R. H. (1996). Understanding Psychology. New Delhi: Tata McGraw hill.
  • Atkinson(1996). Dictionary of Psychology.

Subject Title:SOCIOLOGY
Total hours: 60
Lecture:2 hours/ week
Method of assessment: Written
  • Introduction [4 Hours]:
    • Meaning- Definition and scope of sociology
    • Its relation to Anthropology, Psychology, Social Psychology.
    • Methods of Sociological investigations- Case study, social survey, questionnaire, Interview and opinion poll methods.
    • Importance of its study with special reference to Health Care Professionals.
  • Social Factors in Health and disease situations [4 Hours]:
    • Meaning of social factors
    • Role of social factors in health and illness
  • Socialization [4 Hours]:
    • Meaning and nature of socialization
    • Primary, Secondary and Anticipatory socialization.
    • Agencies of socialization
  • Social Groups [5 Hours]: Concepts of social groups, influence of formal and informal groups on health and sickness. The role of primary groups and secondary groups in the hospital and rehabilitation setup.
  • Family [6 Hours]:
    • The family, meaning and definitions.
    • Functions of types of family
    • Changing family patterns
    • Influence of family on the individuals health, family and nutrition, the effects of sickness in the family and psychosomatic disease and their importance to physiotherapy.
  • Community [4 Hours]:
    • Rural community: Meaning and features –Health hazards of ruralities, health hazards to tribal community.
    • Urban community: Meaning and features- Health hazards of urbanities.
  • Culture and Health [6 Hours]:
    • Concept of Health
    • Concept of Culture
    • Culture and Health
    • Culture and Health Disorders
  • Social change: [8 Hours]
    • Meaning of social change.
    • Factors of social change.
    • Human adaptation and social change
    • Social change and stress.
    • Social change and deviance.
    • Social change and health programme
    • The role of social planning in the improvement of health and rehabilitation.
  • Social Problems [10 Hours]: Consequences of the following social problems & remedies to prevent these problems:
    • Population explosion
    • Poverty and unemployment
    • Beggary
    • Juvenile delinquency
    • Prostitution
    • Alcoholism
    • Problems of women in employment
    • Geriatric problems (Old age Problem)
    • Problems of underprivileged.
  • Social Security [5 Hours]: Social security and social legislation in relation to the disabled.
  • Social worker [4 Hours]:
    • Meaning of Social Work
    • The role of a Medical Social Worker
Recommended Books:
  • Bid D. (2006). Sociology for Physiotherapists. Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi.
  • Sachdeva and Vidyabushan: Introduction to the study of Sociology.
  • K. Parks Textbook of Preventive & Social Medicine.
  • Textbook of Preventive & Social Medicine – P.K. Mahajan & M.C. Gupta
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South Gujarat Medical Education & Research Center
SPB (BPT & MPT) Physiotherapy College,
Ugat-Bhesan Road, Mora Bhagal,
Rander Road,

Email: [email protected]
Phone: +91 95373 69696