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Paper – I – Applied Basic Sciences

Total hours:300
Applied Anatomy, Kinesiology and Biomechanics150
Exercise Physiology100
Ethics and administration;50
Physiotherapy Education and Practice
On completion of the subject, students will have had the opportunity to develop the following generic skills:
  • An appreciation of the team approach to learning in complex areas.
  • The ability to critically evaluate research literature in the area of anatomy/applied anatomy, and apply this information towards understanding the mechanisms operating in conditions resulting from injury or disease.
  • An appreciation of the importance of, and development of, good written and presentation skills to aid group learning.
  • Sound knowledge of the anatomy of the relevant system in the body.

Applied Anatomy
  • Anatomy of musculoskeletal system (Osteology, Myology, Arthrology)
  • Anatomy of Cardio Pulmonary system (Structure of heart, Structure of lung, broncho pulmonary segments)
  • Anatomy of nervous system (Dermatomes and myotomes, cerebrum and cerebral hemispheres, cerebral cortex, cerebellum and its connections, brain stem mid brain, Pons, medulla)
  • Structure of kidney and bladder
  • Anatomy of Reproductive system
Recommended Books:
  • Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Fitness – Kathleen. J, Churchill Livingstone.
  • Samson Wright’s Applied Physiology – Neil and Joel, Oxford press.
  • Principles of Anatomy – Harper Collins College Publications
  • Anatomy and Physiology for Physiotherapists – Mottram, Moffat, Blackwell Scientific
  • Atlas of Anatomy – Tank Patrick, Lippincot Williams
  • Surface and Radiological Anatomy – Halim A, CBS

Objectives- At the end of the course, the candidate will –
  • Acquire the updated knowledge of the Patho-mechanics of the Human Movement
  • Be able to apply the principles of Biomechanics in functional analysis of movement, Ergonomic Analysis / advice and Prostheses / Orthotics
  • Be able to prescribe, check out & train in the application of lower limb prostheses, and Spinal / lower extremity Orthosis used as mobility aids
  • Be able to prescribe the Ergonomic alterations at the Work Place and Industry.
  • Be able to fabricate, temporary hand splints & functional splints for Gait training.
  • Acquire skill in disability evaluation & will be able to CERTIFY the same.
  • Be able to impart knowledge & train the students in this subject at the undergraduate level.
  • Types of motion (accessory and joint play of axial and peripheral skeletal)
  • Location of motion (instantaneous axis of movement, shifting axis of movement)
  • Magnitude of motion (factors determining it)
  • Direction of motion
  • Angular motion and its various parameters
  • Linear motion and its various parameters
  • Projectile motions
  • Definition of forces
  • Force vectors (composition, resolution, magnitude)
  • Naming of Force (gravity and anti-gravity force, JRF)
  • Force of gravity and COG
  • Stability
  • Reaction forces
  • Equilibrium & Balance
  • Linear forces system
  • Friction and its various parameters
  • Parallel force systems
  • Concurrent force systems
  • Work power and energy
  • Moment arms of force & its application
  • Force components
  • Equilibrium of force
Mechanical energy, work and power
  • Definitions
  • Positive and Negative work of muscles
  • Muscle mechanical power
  • Causes of inefficient movement
  • Co-contractions
  • Isometric contraction against gravity jerky movement
  • Energy generation at one joint and absorption at another
  • Energy flow and Energy system used by the body
  • Energy storage
  • Biomechanics of: Bone and soft tissues, including muscles, ligaments, tendon and nerves.
  • Biomechanics of Joints: Classification, structure and function including kinematics and kinetics of joints.
  • Spine: Structure and function including kinematics and kinetics of Various Vertebral joints.
  • Changes in physical and mechanical properties because of aging, exercise, Immobilization and position
  • Mechanoreceptors: its types, distribution with respect to joint, structure and function and Clinical applications
    • Gait:
      • Normal Gait and its determinants
      • Gait parameter including temporal and spatial
      • Kinematic and Kinetic of normal human gait
      • Pathological gait
      • Running
      • Stair climbing
    • Gait Analysis.
      • Overview of normal gait analysis : kinetic and kinematic analysis; Description of some of the most commonly used types of observational gait analysis; Advantages and disadvantages of kinematic qualitative and kinematic quantitative gait analyses.
      • Gait Training, Pre ambulation programme, assistive devices and gait patterns, Recent advances in analysis of Gait
    • Posture Control, Optimal Posture and their deviations in different planes.
    • Ergonomics and its application in working environments
    Recommended Books:
    • Clinical Kinesiology for the Physical therapist Assistants – Lippert L, Jaypee.
    • Brunnstrom’s Clinical Kinesiology – Letimkuni W, Jaypee.
    • Clinical Kinesiology – Laura Weiss, Jaypee.
    • Joint Structure & Function – Levangie P, Norkin C, Jaypee.
    • Basic Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system – Nordin M, Lippincot Williams.
    • Biomechanical Basis of Movement – Hamill J & Krutzen K M, Lippincot Williams.
    • Measurements of Joint Motion – Norkin C, F. A. Davis.
    • Principles of Mechanics & Biomechanics – Bell, Frank, Stanley Thornes Pvt. Ltd.
    • Basic Biomechanics – Hall, Susan J, McGraw hill.
    • Kinesiology – Oatis, Carol A, Lippincot Williams.
    • Applied Kinesiology – Robert Frost, North Atlantic Books.
    • Biomechanics of Spine – White and Punjabi, Lippincot Williams


    Exercise Physiology
    Objectives- At the end of the course, the candidate will –
    • Acquire updated knowledge of Physiology of Physical Exercise and will be able to interpret the Physiological effects of the vital parameters of simple laboratory tests such as “Stress Test”
    • Acquire the skill of using Bicycle- Ergometry & Treadmill for the purpose of General Fitness & Exercise tolerance for Healthy persons.
    • Be able to prescribe & train for general fitness and health promotion for children, pregnant and lactating females, obese and elderly subjects.
    • Be able to impart knowledge for training the undergraduate students
      • Sources of Energy, Energy Transfer and Energy Expenditure at rest and various physical activities.
      • Nutrition, Body consumption, caloric balance, food for the athlete, regulation of food intake, ideal body weight, optional supply of Nutrients.
      • Metabolic consideration — VO2, Lactate threshold, RQ, energy expenditure in terms of calorimetry.
      • Acute effects of exercise on — Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Metabolic (aerobic & anaerobic), Thermo-regulatory, Buffer (pH), Neuro-musculoskeletal, Endocrine, Immune systems.
      • Conditioning effects (adaptations) of exercise on — Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Metabolic (Aerobic & anaerobic), Thermo regulatory, Buffer (pH), Neuro-Musculoskeletal (strength, power, endurance, speed, flexibility, agility, skill), Endocrine, Immune systems.
      • Body composition
      • Exercise at different altitudes.
      • Exercise at various climatic conditions.
      • Special aids to performance and conditioning.
      • Exercise prescription for health and fitness with special emphasis to cardiovascular disease, Obesity and Diabetes.
      • Principles of health promotion for Growing Children, Healthy Adults, Pregnant /Lactating females, Elderly, Sports person
      • Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise Training
      • Fatigue assessment, Types, and Relevance with Exercise Tolerance tests & Training and management
      • Fitness Testing for:
        • Aerobic power
        • anaerobic power and capacity
        • Muscular strength and power, flexibility.
      • Obesity –exercises for weight reduction
      • Exercise and aging
      • Clinical exercise physiology
    Recommended Books for Reference:
    • Exercise Physiology, energy, nutrition and human performance – McArdle, Katch & Katch, Lippincot Williams.
    • Illustrated principles of exercise physiology – Axen. K, Kathleen. V, Prentice Hall.
    • Essentials of Exercise Physiology – Shaver Larry. G, Surjeet Publications.
    • Physiology of Sports and Exercise – Majumdar. P, New Central Book.
    • Exercise and the Heart – Froliecher, Victor. F, Elsevier.
    • Textbook of Work Physiology – Astrand and Rodahl, McGraw Hill.
    • Kinanthropometry and Exercise Physiology Laboratory manual tests, procedures and data-Erston, Reilly, F & FN Spon.


    Ethics and administration; Physiotherapy Education and Practice
    Objective: At the end of the course, the candidate will acquire the knowledge of:
    • Ethical Codes of Physiotherapy practice, Moral and Legal aspects of Physiotherapy practice
    • Constitution and Function of Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP).
    • Role of World Health Organization (WHO) and World Confederation of Physiotherapists (WCPT)
    • Acquire the managerial & Management skills in Planning, implementation and administration in clinical practice [service / self employment] & academic activities including the skill of documentation and use of information technology in professional practice.
    • Be able to impart the knowledge to the undergraduate students.
      • Concept of Morality, Ethics and Legality.
      • Rules of Professional conduct, Medico Legal and Moral Implications.
      • Communication skills, Client interest and Satisfaction.
      • Inter Disciplinary Relation, Co-partnership, Mutual Respect, Confidence and Communication, Responsibilities of the Physiotherapists, Status of Physiotherapist in Health Care.
      • Role of Professional in Socio Personal and Socio Economical context.
      • Need of Council Act for regulation of Professional Practice.
      • Self- Regulatory role of Professional Association.
      • Rules of Professional Conduct.
      • Role of WCPT, Various branches and special interest group of WCPT.
      • Indian association of physiotherapists: rules, regulations, framework, aims, and objectives. Physiotherapy and law. Medico legal aspects of physiotherapy, liability, negligence, malpractice, licensure, workman’s compensation.
      • Administration & Marketing – personal Policies –Communication & Contract. Administration principles based on Goal & Function at large Hospital / Domiciliary ser up / Private Clinic / Academic Institution.
      • Methods of maintaining records – Budget planning
      • Performance analysis – Physical structure, reporting system, Man P Status, Functions, Quality & Quantity of Services, Turn over – Cost benefit, Contribution.
      • Aims of physiotherapy education
      • Concepts of teaching and learning; Theories of teaching.
      • Principles and methods of teaching;
        • Strategies of teaching
        • Planning of teaching
        • Organization
        • Writing lesson plans
        • Audio visual aids
        • teaching methods
      • Guidance and counseling; principles and concepts, guidance and counseling services of students and faculty
      • Practical
        • Design a curriculum for a basic physiotherapy programme
        • Prepare a lesson plan and conduct classes
        • Construct a written objective type test for the lessons you have taken
        • Prepare a plan for evaluating students
        • Internal assessment tests in all topics
      • Lectures and seminars.
      • Hospital as an organization – Functions and types of hospitals
      • Roles of Physical therapist, Physical therapy Director, Physiotherapy Supervisor, Physiotherapy assistant, Physiotherapy aide.
      • Confidentially of the Patient’s status
      • Legal responsibility
      • Consumer protection law, health law, MCI.
      • Standards of practice for physiotherapists
      • Liability and obligations in the case of medical legal action
      • Law of disability & discrimination
    Recommended books:
    • Communication Skills in Clinical Practice – Sethuraman K. R.
    • Handbook of Educational Technology – Elington Henry, Kogan Page.
    • Physical Therapy Administration & Management – Hickok, Robert J, Williams & Wilkins.
    • Clinical Decision making in Rehabilitation – Basmajian, John V, Churchill Livingstone.
    • Handbook of Clinical Teaching – Watts Nancy, Churchill Livingstone.
    • Physical Therapy Ethics by Gabard and Martin (Sep 2, 2010)
    • Management in Physical Therapy Practices by Catherine G. Page (Sep 23, 2009)
    • Physical Rehabilitation: Evidence-Based Examination, Evaluation, and Intervention by Michelle H. Cameron and Linda Monroe (Apr 5, 2007)
    • Physical Therapy Management by Ronald W. Scott and Christopher L Petrosino (Sep 1, 2007)
For more details about SPB Physiotherapy College & our various services feel free to call us directly

Reach Us

South Gujarat Medical Education & Research Center
SPB (BPT & MPT) Physiotherapy College,
Ugat-Bhesan Road, Mora Bhagal,
Rander Road,

Email: [email protected]
Phone: +91 95373 69696